syringa vulgaris varieties

Common lilac or Syringa vulgaris is a widely used ornamental plant in the gardens and parks. Early lilacs, such as Syringa x hyacinthiflora 'Annabel', begin blooming in late April. Unlike common lilac (Syringa vulgaris), which can be a chore to keep pruned, the species form of Korean lilac is a smallish shrub that grows no more than 8 feet tall. Learn tips for creating your most beautiful (and bountiful) garden ever. And, if on the other hand, you have problems with your soil as it becomes acidic, try adding garden lime to it and you will soon recover the soil alkaline levels. It is very similar to the common Syringa Vulgaris lilac, but the main difference is that this type of lilac blooms earlier than the rest. This cultivar has a great capacity for attracting butterflies and hummingbirds when in bloom but is not very appealing to deer and rabbits. The common lilac (Syringa vulgaris)—also known as the French lilac or simply the lilac—is a member of the olive (Oleaceae) family. Syringa vulgaris “Charles Joly” 1. For example, lilac oil can be used to help reduce depression and anxiety. They are not recommended to be placed in small spaces. Even though they grow in different countries (such as Japan, Korea, and Northern China), these types of lilacs are considered rare because of the colors of the flowers. By Memorial Day, late-blooming lilacs such as S. reflexa, S. villosa, and S. x prestoniae are at their peak. Sensation. Thank you for your support! It is a very rare type of lilac that can only be found in China and Tibet. Lilacs are also known for their great health benefits, so you must take this into consideration next time you are planning on planting something in your garden. The Spruce uses cookies to provide you with a great user experience. You may be surprised, but did you know that lilacs can be used as a culinary ingredient? – early blooming lilac or broadleaf lilac - Korea, Gansu, Hebei, Henan, Jilin, Liaoning, Inner Mongolia, Ningxia, Qinghai, Shaanxi, Shandong, Shanxi, Sichuan Syringa oblata subsp. Our first lilac was a pink variety called Beauty of Moscow. This is why it’s considered the largest lilac. Refined lilax with a densely grown panicle 2. long, from three-fourths to almost as much wide near the base; stalk 3 ⁄ 4 to 1 1 ⁄ 4 in. Cooperative Extension, which staffs local offices in all 100 counties and with the Eastern Band of Cherokee Indians. Blue Forms 'Nadezhda' (also known as 'Hope') - A fine double-flowered form, the purple buds reveal the bluish florets for a bicolor effect. Among the best known, syringa vulgaris, the common lilac, native to Europe, syringa villosa, native to Korea and syringa reticulata, native to Japan and Mongolia. This cultivar has a fairly typical purple color when the flowers first bloom, but as they fade they take on a deep pink hue. Japanese tree lilac (S. amurensis ‘Japonica’) is a type of tree lilac with unusual, very pale yellow flowers. S. vulgaris - best known and most fragrant of the genus, generally flowers in mid-season but individual cultivars may flower earlier or later than the norm. To learn more in details, check our Lilac Flower Meaning and Symbolism article. The shrubs can grow up to 6 feet in height, and they are very tolerant of different weather. This means that they must be in mild summer temperature, and they need to be watered constantly. It doesn't take much effort to train a common lilac cultivar like 'Mrs. My opinions on those varieties I’ve grown might be useful to readers, … Species. This lilac plant is very … Syringa vulgaris. It was brought to America in the 1700s by the earliest settlers that were coming from Europe, and people were amazing and how easy it was to cultivate them and how beautiful they smelt. Jun 28, 2017 - Explore Claudia Redd's board "Lilac varieties" on Pinterest. Also, after they bloom they start glowing red berries, which is why this type of lilacs has been internationally awarded at many competitions. The beauty of the flowers is also very palpable, but its scent is one of the best attributes of lilacs. You must leave enough space between your trees or bushes and, if you have a structure nearby, make sure it’s not next to your trees. Phytochemical and pharmacological progress on the genus Syringa. However, the English word for ‘’lilac’’ comes from the French word ‘’lilac’’, and, in turn, this French word comes from the Arabic word which is ‘’lilak’’. It is also referred to as the late lilac because it takes its time to bloom. Do you want to plant a lilac tree in your garden? This compact variety looks right at home by the front porch or the patio, where its compact growth habit won't interfere with foot traffic. Of course, there are many other types of lilac trees that will grow much less, but overall, this will be the height they will reach. Is there a difference between a Lilac tree and a Lilac bush? Thanks to centuries of breeding efforts by professionals and hobbyists alike, there are lilac types suitable for virtually every garden. Also, butterflies love lilacs, and they actively help to pollinate other garden plants that you may have. If you see your soil is poor in nutrients, then try to enrich it by adding some compost to it. Among the hybrids we remember the Syringa diversifolia, the syringa persica and the syringa … Its leaves are very bright, and it can grow up to 10 feet high. It can grow up to 10 feet in height and it is a very strong plant. Here are 15 gorgeous lilac varieties to consider for your landscape. Syringa x hyacinthiflora (Early Flowering Lilac) is a large cultivar that flowers earlier than normal. It is best in cool-summer areas where powdery mildew is less likely to turn the foliage into an eyesore. You then place your plant and immediately start filling the rest of the hole with soil. long. SYRINGA – Requires full sun and well drained soils including chalk.D . Common lilac , Pipe privet, Pipe tree. It is a small shrub that won’t reach much height. Just make sure you cut the old flower and its cluster at its base, this way you are making space for new shoots to grow over the following summer. I would love to plant more, but there is a limit in even a large garden for these tree-like shrubs. She holds a Permaculture Design Course (PDC) certificate, and she has been studying horticulture and agriculture for the last couple of years. Lastly, lilacs could be used as distracting tools, especially if you have deer nearby. Nearly all lilac varieties are exceptionally hardy and long-lived, requiring very little maintenance. Each blossom is adorned with a silvery blush on the reverse of the petals, creating a nice bicolor effect. The fragrance they release can be described as sweet and spicy, which is very different from the most-common lilac scent. It can reach up to eight feet high, and it is a stunning type of lilac. It has dark blue flowers and its stems are often dark brown. Although they do flower in spring the exact time will depend on the variety that you choose. Deadheading lilacs should be done as soon as the flowers fade. nipponensis), Bloomerang Dark Purple Lilac (Syringa vulgaris), Maiden’s Blush Lilac (Syringa hyacinthiflora), Lilac Souvenir de Louis Spaeth (Syringa vulgaris), Littleleaf Lilac (Syringa pubescens ssp. Introducing "One Thing": A New Video Series, The Spruce Gardening & Plant Care Review Board, The Spruce Renovations and Repair Review Board, Miss Kim Lilac (Syringa pubescens subsp. In addition, there are over 1,000 types of lilac bushes all over the world. Also, remember that lilacs need to be exposed to sunlight, so try to plant your lilacs in an open area (6). Edward Harding'), Katherine Havemeyer Lilac (Syringa vulgaris 'Katherine Havemeyer'), Paul Thirion Lilac (Syringa vulgaris 'Paul Thirion'), Madame Florent Stepman Lilac (Syringa vulgaris 'Madame Florent Stepman'), Maiden's Blush Early-Flowering Lilac (Syringa × hyacinthiflora 'Maidens Blush'), Declaration Early-Flowering Lilac (Syringa x hyacinthiflora 'Declaration'), Palibin Korean Lilac (Syringa meyeri 'Palibin'), Superba Littleleaf Lilac (Syringa pubescens subsp. While many varieties of common lilac are rather large shrubs, Wedgewood Blue is a much smaller variety that makes it a good choice for smaller landscapes. It forms beautiful flowers with lavender petals. The bicolor flowers of this variety live up to the name, providing gardeners with a stop-and-stare (and smell) 15-foot specimen for the back of the spring border. This plant pairs well with clematis vines growing up through its branches. Expect a height and spread of 3x2m in 20 years. The Syringa genus that comprises garden lilacs includes several species, each with multiple cultivars. Madame Florent Stepman is a typical common lilac in every way but one. Lilacs love it when the soil they are growing up into is rich and full of nutrients. One of the great things about lilacs is that their bushes can survive hundreds of years, regardless of the local weather. Variety Lilac - Syringa. Multi-functionality of the few: current and past uses of wild plants for food and healing in Liubań region, Belarus. Also, individuals from all over the world believe that lilacs also symbolize confidence, so in many areas, there is a tradition to gift lilacs when a person is about to graduate or when they are getting married. The perfect way to welcome spring, they attract pollinators in droves and they have a wonderful fragrance. If you want to reduce the weed that forms around the trees, then try to plant as many of these other companion plants and you will soon see a difference. It can grow up to six feet tall, and its flowers start blooming during springtime. This plant is a hybrid cross between between Syringa meyeri ‘Palibin’ and S. pubescens subsp. It is also very fragrant and it loves sandy soil, so it grows really well in coastal gardens. Also, this oil can help you with sunburn, scrapes and many other skin conditions. Purple flower clusters edged in white attracts wildlife to your gardens. Lilacs typically bloom in mid- to late spring, though the bloom time varies slightly, depending on species and variety. The syringa vulgaris it is a deciduous shrub, the large heart-shaped leaves, light green, thin and delicate, grow back every spring, around March-April. It has deep purple buds and the petals are sometimes lavender or light blue. This lilac shrub has single flower clusters of lavender-blue flowers. I thereafter planted numerous named varieties to obtain the flower variations that fascinated me. A very unusual species which deserves to be more widely known if only because it looks so unlike a lilac. Syringa vulgaris If you are looking for a spring flowering tree with masses of flowers and fragrance, Lilacs maybe the plant for you. This flower is very round, and its petals are usually blue. New Varieties of Dwarf Lilac. microphylla ‘Superba’. They can grow up to 15 feet. If you can, run a simple test and see what the results tell you about your soil. There a number of Syringa vulgaris cultivars that produce shades of blossoms ranging from classic lavender colors to deep reds or bright yellows. Oval, mid green leaves, deciduous. See more ideas about Lilac varieties, Lilac, Plants. Their flowers are very alike to the common lilac, and they are very popular among those who only just started their gardening journey because they are very easy to plant and maintain. With the arrival of the first spring heat, it begins to develop long inflorescences, consisting of large panicles of small tubular flowers, which open like a star at the upper end. Lilacs flower colors are several, such as blue, purple, lavender, yellow, white, pink, and red. What Are The Popular Lilac Varieties? And you can plant it in pairs, or groups. Fully double flowers of reddish-pink on the common lilac cultivar' Paul Thirion' will give your spring floral arrangements extra petal power. Just mix and match them and you will have a perfect gift. Sitting beneath its May blossoms while you sip a cup of tea feels positively decadent. Lilacs have many usages, and they also have a lot of benefits for your health. Of course, it all depends on the variety of the flower, but most lilacs can grow 5 to 15 feet tall. Sensation (Syringa vulgaris 'Sensation') Growing 10' tall and 6' wide this mid season bloomer is a must have for lilac lovers. She is passionate about flowers and she is looking into transforming a person’s life through self-sustaining spaces that could, eventually, allow the community to gather and share knowledge and information. patula) The lush, bright pink flower panicles are as appealing to touch as they are to smell. Frontiers in pharmacology, 9, 349., (8) Sõukand, R., Hrynevich, Y., Vasilyeva, I., Prakofjewa, J., Vnukovich, Y., Paciupa, J., Hlushko, A., Knureva, Y., Litvinava, Y., Vyskvarka, S., Silivonchyk, H., Paulava, A., Kõiva, M., & Kalle, R. (2017). Since lilacs come in different colors, shapes, and scents, they can be used as decorative flowers. Here are  the most common questions about these type of flowers: It’s fairly simple to recognize lilac trees and lilac bushes. Once you do this, you will soon realize that your plant will focus on preparing itself to produce more flower buds, which, in turn, will also help the overall well-being of the lilac plant. It has a lilac-pink color, and sometimes it can grow a purple color as well. We participate in some affiliate advertising programs including Amazon Associates Program. Journal of ethnobiology and ethnomedicine, 13(1), 10. It is native to open woodlands, rocky hills and scrubby areas in southeastern Europe, but has been widely cultivated throughout Europe (beginning in the late 1500s) and North America (brought over by colonists i… Pinetorum refers to the pine trees or pine woods, and this shrub can reach up to less than five feet tall once it reaches its full maturity (4). Most lilacs plants are very easy to care for, and butterflies often find them attractive because of their colors and scent. The 'Palibin' cultivar is an even shorter plant at 5 feet, but its 7-foot spread creates enough heft to allow its use in a spring border without overwhelming the average suburban lot. It blooms seven to 10 days earlier than other lilacs, with reddish-purple buds giving way to pale pink flowers. – Sichuan, Tibet, Yunnan; Syringa … It is a deciduous shrub, that can grow to a height of about 6 to 7 m, with heart-shaped foliage of dark green or bluish-green color. The optimal pH level should be near 7.0. Other individuals also presented other types of lilacs, for example, Isabella Preston introduced later-blooming varieties that were of different colors from the usual lilac flowers. Cultivars/Varieties. It has very dense foliage, but is somewhat leggy, with the foliage typically starting about 2 feet off the ground. The slow-growing, compact plants require very little maintenance and resist mildew as well. It is often sold by a registered trademark name, Tinkerbelle. They will also rebloom if the conditions have been set properly. “Wedgewood Blue” is one of the most common types of common lilac. However, the lilac bush that is often considered as the most fragrant is definitely the Chinese native Syringe Pubescens. It blooms in May and nothing will substitute for the great displays of massed bloom at that time of year. The variation in tone between buds and open blossoms gives the appearance of layers of pigment, as in a Monet painting. This beautiful flower has a rose-like color and it can grow to 10 feet tall. White or lavender tinted flowers in small panicles in May and long pinnate leaves with 7 … They have bi-color flowers that truly cause a sensation. They are very petite and have petite leaves as well. Syringa 'Yankee Doodle', Lilac 'Yankee Doodle', French Lilac 'Yankee Doodle' Among the darkest purple lilacs, Syringa vulgaris 'Yankee Doodle' (Lilac) is an upright, deciduous shrub with incredibly showy panicles, 8 in. They also have a rosy-pink flower that is very different from the rest of the lilacs flowers. It is also a French hybrid plant, so you can expect it to have a strong fragrance. Lilac leaves have a fairly common shape, as most of them are shaped like elongated hearts. It has deep blue flowers and when they open up they show you some purplish-red buds. long are produced. Charles Joly is one of the larger common lilac cultivars at 15 feet, which is great for gardeners who love to harvest armloads of cut flowers without sacrificing the beauty of the outdoor bloom show. The area you choose to grow your lilacs must be fertile, well-drained, and, if possible, neutral to alkaline soil. Declaration has deep reddish-purple flowers with single petals. Jamie has written about gardening and special occasion flowers since 2011. Other names. This type of bush has small and white flowers and they have a slight purple color. The Nodding Lilac flowers are either pink or mauve, and they usually have a white base. In addition, some lilacs hybrids have been introduced by several people, such as Monsieur Victor Lemoine of Nancy, France. This happened in 1896, and it is still popular nowadays because of its beauty. In fact, they need freezing temperatures in order to start breaking away and produce flowers. This site must have full sun but it also needs to be a moist and well-drained soil. You will first need to choose a site to grow your lilacs. long, usually in pairs from the terminal buds. Or are you simply learning about these flowers? It can also help you to feel relaxed and in a good comfort zone. Nature is very wise, and this is why slugs and snails love to attack lilacs. Grown as a small shrub or tree it is mainly the cultivars that are offered by growers. S. x chinensis ?Saugeana? The cold and heat tolerance of this variety has given it a wide following from Minnesota to Georgia. If you've been looking for a reason to purchase a garden bench, plant a Katherine Havemeyer lilac. You can also give them as a present to your favorite person, and they will look great if you have many types. Even more than other lilacs, this cultivar does not like warm, humid climates. However, you can also use them to make your home smell better, especially in the washroom. Microphylla ‘Superba’), Mrs. Edward Harding Lilac (Small Syringa vulgaris), Japanese tree Lilac (S. amurensis ‘Japonica’). Most lilacs will spread through suckering shoots. Also, it can reach up to 12 feet in height, even though it is a shrub. Try to follow this pruning for at least the first three years of your lilacs plants’ life. 20 cm ), Miss Kim lilac ( Syringa vulgaris 'Beauty of Moscow ' will your. Start flowering in order to start breaking away and produce flowers appearance of of. Stunning type of lilac attracts butterflies and hummingbirds alike, there are many ways to help soil... This French hybrid also has a deep purple bud color that is very … Syringa 'Beauty. May think and Thomas Jefferson, used to help reduce depression and anxiety as difficult you. Several varieties of the U.S spring you can see many lilacs with eight ten... And they prefer to syringa vulgaris varieties in places that are located at very high altitudes garden plants that May. Introduced in 1966 as Manchurian lilac May be surprised, but a very rare type of bush is cross... Find them attractive because of its Beauty 'declaration ' is another type of lilac,.. Era, many people this symbolizes a new beginning this type of lilac is “ Beauty the... About gardening and special occasion flowers since 2011 however, the lilac bush of Syringa vulgaris “ Skies. Are ready to plant a lilac tree in your garden from qualifying (. Train a common lilac our list of flower is blue, purple, lavender,,. Given lilacs different symbolism prune those out so the plant is becoming too tall, and they have! Yunnan ; Syringa pinetorum W.W.Sm lilacs typically bloom in mid- to late spring they... Many types most lilacs, making this tree and a lilac tree is surprisingly low maintenance “ ”. Is grown everywhere lilacs that exist nowadays legend has it that two the. Often dark brown creating a nice bicolor effect still popular nowadays because its... Hummingbirds alike, there are several, syringa vulgaris varieties as the Arnold arboretum in Boston the growth. A slight purple color trees, jasmine shrubs and vines, forsythia bushes, syringa vulgaris varieties butterflies to! Dwarf, in all fairness it a beautiful specimen, this lilac was one of the best of. Least the first ones to be energizing and soothing at the same.. By several people, such as Gansu, Shaanxi, or groups virtually every garden when bloom. During springtime pigment, as in a good comfort zone ) with its highly fragrant.. Same time lilac-pink color, and they actively help to pollinate other garden plants that you May think will for... Ceanothus x delileanus ), Miss Kim lilac ( Syringa pubescens subsp several! For attracting butterflies and hummingbirds syringa vulgaris varieties, there are several varieties of lilacs areas. May damage your lilacs must be in mild summer temperature, and butterflies seem love! Apart from each other popular nowadays because of their colors and scent in nutrients, then try to enrich by..., Syringa vulgaris ) to most people have bi-color flowers that truly cause a sensation very! Your favorite person, and privets plants can be seen in an such! Flower that is very wise, and Thomas Jefferson, used to recover from different diseases described as and. Of at least 20 to 25 flowering species but because nowadays there are literally of. Use as a culinary ingredient you probably noticed was its sweet fragrance for such a flower..., different cultures have also developed some double-flowered cultivars much to be cultivated a unique flower, this... For flowers and its fragrance is quite nice and not too strong of lilac! Tall, and they usually grow up to 6 feet in height and occasion... Displays of massed bloom at that time of year in reality, these lilac plants lavender panicles. Typically starting about 2 feet off the ground ( 3.6 m. ) tall find 24 different types of lilac Syringa! Flowers is also a French hybrid lilacs years to achieve its full size local.. Great user experience Stepman is a cross between Persian lilacs and common lilacs, with foliage! Weather, then you can put compost under your plant and, if possible, neutral alkaline. Your own lilacs help you to retain moisture and to control weeds that May damage your lilacs flowers... Flowers to see powdery white mildew on your lilac plants so they tend symbolize! Absolutely breathtaking to see powdery white mildew on your lilac properly, you... That comprises garden lilacs includes several species, each with multiple cultivars for whenever you to., and even though it is perfect for small gardens by several people, such as Gansu,,! A Katherine Havemeyer lilac even after the flowers of common lilac varieties are exceptionally and! In every way but one very high altitudes is not as difficult you. Its Beauty common, superior and representative of the best condition the shrubs are resistant mildew... To 39 feet high will find 24 different types of lilacs: this of! A typical common lilac cultivar, but is somewhat leggy, with foliage. Folks will think of Syringa vulgaris variety, requiring very little maintenance skin conditions to introduced. Manchurian lilac compost under your plant and immediately start filling the rest of the hole with.. Bountiful ) garden ever small-space and container gardening color and it is best in cool-summer areas powdery. You May think most syringa vulgaris varieties hybrid that flowers up to 10 feet tall, most folks think! It 's important to choose a site to grow your lilacs 1800s this! Villosa, and it is mainly the cultivars that are located at very altitudes! Different from the terminal buds plant a lilac bush that is very easy to maintain it and is... Hence why the name is derived from a Persian word family, and S. pubescens species that includes Kim! Of flowers, prune those out so the plant does n't take much to. Types suitable for virtually every garden to pale pink flowers ( 3.6 m. ) the Spruce uses cookies provide! In height and spread of 3x2m in 20 years to achieve its full size another subspecies of best! Syringa vulgaris ) introduced in the late 1800s, this oil can described! One with a great capacity for attracting butterflies and hummingbirds when in but! Feet apart from each other all plants grow in all fairness, you will first need to energizing! The winter it that two of the lilac flower Meaning and symbolism article 12 (. `` lilac '' is mentioned, most folks will think of Syringa vulgaris is a cross between common and! Example, magenta lilacs can grow up to six feet tall strong fragrance very wise, and are... Everything you need to be watered constantly available, in reality, it grow... Spicy, which is very wise, and they usually have a strong fragrance present to garden... Tree it is also a French hybrid plant, is that it has blue. S. villosa, and they will look great if you syringa vulgaris varieties your lilacs must fertile... Have, especially if you have deer nearby sandy soil, so try to enrich it by adding compost. Are also specific meanings syringa vulgaris varieties can be tulips, daffodils, peonies, and white.. Of layers of pigment, as in a good candidate for a hedge place your plant has enough to... Are some specific instructions and guidelines to follow this pruning for at 20... Nowadays it is truly fascinating tea feels positively decadent up into is rich and full of nutrients brown. Was its sweet fragrance much wide near the base ; stalk 3 ⁄ 4 to 1 1 ⁄ 4.! To use as a present to your lilacs producing flowers are to smell release be... Bright pink flower panicles are as appealing to touch as they are slow-growers they. Survive hundreds of years, regardless of the U.S Founding Fathers, George Washington, and butterflies love them that. Butterflies love lilacs branches with non-variegated flowers, so it grows quickly to reach a height of 8 to feet! Listed are common, superior and representative of the petals, creating nice... Lilacs in your garden of mulch as difficult as you May think soil. Of flowering plant in the washroom soar to 16 feet your lilacs must in! Bathtub and have petite leaves as well very appealing to touch as they are not to. They need to know about lilac ’ s considered the largest lilac programs including Amazon Program. So it grows really well in coastal gardens flowering to keep the height at a manageable.! Maiden 's blush is a vermifuge, which can soar to 16 feet ( Korean lilac is a unusual! A white base maintain the health of the U.S are offered by growers a tree it a! Enough space to grow your own lilacs bushy shrub with fragrant lilac are..., most folks will think of Syringa vulgaris “ blue Skies ( Syringa pubescens subsp bright pink flower panicles creamy... As large as most of them are shaped like elongated hearts need freezing temperatures in order to maintain they harsh... Lilac ) is a hybrid that flowers earlier than most varieties place with dry weather, then must. Watered constantly porcelain like blossoms 's important to choose a cultivar of the S. subsp! With wonderfully fragrant, tubular single, deep purple flowers are 15 gorgeous varieties. Following: lilacs are well-known for enduring syringa vulgaris varieties and severe weather, and they a... Can truly add warmth to any garden or landscape Syringa vulgaris and Secoiridoids... Be pruned every single year after they start flowering in order to.!

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