acrostichum danaeifolium giant leather fern

The species of Acrostichum are massive ferns, with fronds up to 12 feet (3.5 meters) tall, that depend on a semi-aquatic existence. Giant Leather Fern – Acrostichum danaeifolium. Full size 1140 × 711 pixels. The oldest known land plants in the fossil record are Ordovician to Silurian. It can grow up to 6 feet tall and possibly more and likes wet conditions. As this fern gets very tall, it is not appropriate as a groundcover. It is widely distributed in central and south Florida. The giant leather fern is Florida’s largest fern. (December 2012) Plants are multicellular, photosynthesizing eucaryotes. The giant leather fern is a native of the central and southern peninsula of Florida, and Puerto Rico in the United States. Like many other ferns, the young shoots of giant leather fern, or fiddleheads as they're called, are cooked and eaten. Acrostichum danaeifolium Langsdorff & Fischer, 1810 - giant leather fern in Florida, USA. However, two giant leather fern species are listed for the Yucatan, Acrostichum danaefolium and Acrostichum aureum. Description: Large shrub-like herbaceous fern with ascending or arching fronds. It's sometimes confused with golden leather fern, but that plant within Florida is only found in the southwestern counties, and even there, it's usually a cultivated rather than wild plant. (January 2016) Plants are multicellular, photosynthesizing eucaryotes. At least one source says includes Western Africa. ... Acrostichum danaeifolium grows vigorously in full sun and is common and widely distributed in Florida." The Caribbean, Mexico, Central America and South America to Brazil are also in its native range. Share on Facebook. 2003. Propagation: Availability: Native nurseries, FNPS plant sales: Light: Part Shade: Moisture Tolerance: Unless otherwise stated, all photographs are property of the publishers and may not be used without their express permission. Specimen plant or mass background planting in moist areas. Moderate watering. ID 1165 Symbol Key ACDA Common Name inland leatherfern Family Pteridaceae Category Fern Division Pteridophyta US Nativity Native to U.S. US/NA Plant Yes State Distribution FL, PR, VI Growth Habit Forb/herb Duration The largest fern in the state, it ranges from Florida … The spores on the underside of its leaves give it a leathery brown appearance. It usually stands well above its neighbors in Florida’s wetlands, wet prairies and swamps. The Giant Leather Fern is native to the freshwater marshes, swamps, and swampy hammocks and wet, marshy prairies from north-central Florida southward throughout the rest of the state and the Keys, including the Everglades. Could be used as a hedge. As this fern gets very tall, it is not appropriate as a groundcover. Could be used as a hedge. 93(2): 48-54. It is mammoth, with fronds as long as 12 feet and a girth just as wide. Amer. Acrostichum danaeifolium, giant leather ferns, in swamps or other wetlands of Municipio de Livingston, Izabal, Guatemala. Giant Leather Fern – Acrostichum danaeifolium. It also occurs in Central and South America and in the Caribbean. Home Giant Leather Fern - Acrostichum danaeifolium Giant Leather Fern – Acrostichum danaeifolium. Much more commonly seen in the Sunshine State is the Leather Fern, Acrostichum danaeifolium. Advanced care. Share. Growth Rate: … Look among mangroves or cypress trees where large colonies can be found. Its sheer size also can limit its usefulness. Scientific name: Acrostichum daneifolium. ABSTRACT.-Leaves of the giant leather-fern, Acrostichum danaeifolium, were infested by larvae of an unknown species of moth (microlepidoptera) at a mangrove site on the Gulf of Mexico. It is an excellent, majestic fern that forms thickets providing shelter and cover for wildlife. Add the two together and you have giant leather fern. Giant Leather Fern Acrostichum danaeifolium. Acrostichum danaeifolium - Marie Selby Botanical Gardens - Sarasota, Florida - DSC01604 by Daderot (CC0) Full Shade. The giant leather fern is a native of Florida, frequently found in brackish and freshwater marshes of the central and southern peninsula (Wunderlin, 1998). Gardening Giant Leather Fern is one of our largest native ferns. This massive fern can grow to 12 feet in height and thrives in wetland and bog conditions. Fern J. If you have a pond, … Also found in Puerto Rico and the Virgin Islands. Acrostichum danaeifolium is a species of plants with 867 observations Leather Fern Acrostichum spp. Family: Adiantaceae. Fronds to about 10 feet long or more. Florida native. Add the two together and you have giant leather fern. Plant type: perennial; herbaceous. Moth Larvae-damaged Giant Leather-fern Acrostichum danaeifolium as Host for Secondary Colonization by Ants General Information. In later years, they would grow giant leather fern as a cash crop, selling the plants to commercial nurseries. The website also provides access to a database and images of herbarium specimens found at the University of South Florida and other herbaria. They do not withstand prolonged immersion, but require wet roots. Florida is the only state that Acrostichum is found in, but it also occurs in Puerto Rico and the Virgin Islands (Kartesz, 1999). Acrostichum danaeifolium. UF Privacy Policy The Atlas of Florida Plants provides a source of information for the distribution of plants within the state and taxonomic information. The giant leather fern is a Florida native and the largest fern growing in the state. The species Acrostichum aureum is known to have a high saltwater tolerance, growing in mangroves. It is a vigorous grower. The giant leather fern is a native of Florida, frequently found in brackish and freshwater marshes of the central and southern peninsula (Wunderlin, 1998). It prefers brackish and freshwater marshes. But it can tolerate enough salt that it will grow in mangrove swamps. Tweet. Family: Pteridaceae Habit: Acrostichum danaeifolium grows with a basal rosette of fronds up to 4 meters in length (typically less than 2 meters). Common name (s): leather fern. Fronds pinnate, with 20 … It is a member of Pteridaceae, the maidenhair or brake fern family. Acrostichum danaeifolium; Giant Leather Fern ... common names Giant Leather Fern (photographer) Check the Plants Database (USDA website) View Encyclopedia of Life record for Acrostichum danaeifolium; View all photos in CalPhotos of Acrostichum danaeifolium; Check Google Images for Acrostichum danaeifolium: The photographer's identification Acrostichum danaeifolium has not been … It is found in fresh or brackish marshes from North Central Florida south. It's generally found in freshwater wetlands, in hammocks and we've seen it growing in cypress swamps. The giant leather fern, Acrostichum danaeifolium, is perfectly named. Share. It has limited cold tolerance (to about 15 degrees, according to the University of Florida), which is why it's found only in Florida among the 50 states. It grows vigorously in full sun to full shade but it will not tolerate freezing temperatures. Moth-larvae damaged giant leather-fern Acrostichum danaeifolium as host for secondary colonization by ants. Taking in their effect, one might say "emerge like a Viking on a beach." It grows throughout most of the peninsula, from the northeast corner southward, in coastal areas and inland as well. A large fern of freshwater and brackish marshes, freshwater swamps and sinkholes in hammocks throughout most of peninsular Florida. Google Privacy Policy | Share. Explore. The sterile frond is pinnately compound with pinnae to 60 cm in length and opposite or subopposite in position. Sometimes Giant Leather Ferns, ACROSTICHUM DANAEFOLIUM, emerge from the soggy grassland. Acrostichum danaeifolium Langsd. Hybrids have been produced in the laboratory, although these have not been analyzed cytologically. Acrostichum danaeifolium Langsdorff & Fischer, 1810 - giant leather fern in Florida, USA. Leaves of the giant leather-fern, Acrostichum danaeifolium, were infested by larvae of an unknown species of moth (microlepidoptera) at a mangrove site on the Gulf of Mexico. It likes full sun, but can take some shade. Mehltreter, K., P. Rojas & M. Palacios-Rios. Needless to say we were both begging our boat driver to get close enough so … Acrostichum danaeifolium (Fee) C. Presl. Florida is the only state that Acrostichum is found in, but it also occurs in Puerto Rico and the Virgin Islands (Kartesz, 1999). Acrostichum danaeifolium. Acrostichum danaeifolium grows vigorously in full sun and is common and widely distributed in Florida, where it has been collected in virtually every county throughout the southern two-thirds of the state. There are both sterile and fertile fronds. Follow us. Most species occupy terrestrial environments, but they also occur in freshwater and saltwater aquatic environments. Considerations: Not drought tolerant. The giant leather fern grows in coastal hammocks and in brackish and mangrove swamps and further inland along canals and pond edges. As broad or broader than tall. During a nine-month observation period these moths infested 87% of the ferns and 41% of their leaves. Previous image . Click on any image to open the slideshow. The spores on the underside of its leaves give it a leathery brown appearance. United States Department of Agriculture (USDA) distribution maps for Giant Leather Fern. Acrostichum speciosum RBG Sydney by Poyt448 Peter Woodard (CC BY-SA 3.0) Acrostichum danaeifolium - Palmas del Mar PR - Pterocarpus Forest IMG … Florida is the only state that Acrostichum is found in, but it also occurs in Puerto Rico and the Virgin Islands (Kartesz, 1999). See Acrostichum danaeifolium by Lee County Extension Agent Stephen Brown (brownsh@ufl.edu) Search. Next image. Discover Life's page about the biology, natural history, ecology, identification and distribution of Acrostichum danaeifolium - Giant leather fern -- Discover Life USDA hardiness zones: 9 through 11 (Figure 2) Planting month for zone 9: year round. Leather Swamp Fern. The Ultimate Guide to the Outdoors and Environment in Broward, Collier, Martin, Miami-Dade, Monroe and Palm Beach counties. The Seminoles used giant leather fern to make a body rub for treating high fevers and other ailments. Share. In fern terms, these are huge, coarse-looking things giving the impression of having been rooted exactly where they are since dinosaur times. Florida is the only state where the giant leather fern, Acrostichum danaeifolium, is found. Also known as . Young giant leather ferns look so different from their parents that they can be confused with flowering plants. Mature plants have both fertile and infertile fronds, fertile being brown underneath, infertile green. It has a strong root system, and forms networks of rhizomes, or underground stems, that help protect lake and pond banks and the edges of streams against erosion. May 24, 2013 - Acrostichum danaeifolium - Giant Leather Fern. In some places, the mature fronds are used as thatch. Giant Leather Fern, Giant Fern, Inland Leather Fern (Acrostichum danaeifolium) by palmbob Feb 28, 2016 4:32 PM MotherNature4 has observed this fern on Pellicer Creek near St. Augustine and in the Everglades Acrostichum danaeifolium Family: Pteridaceae Genus: Acrostichum (ak-ro-STISH-um) Species: danaeifolium (dan-ay-ee-FOH-lee-um) When in Jamaica a couple years ago, we saw these massive ferns along the banks of the Black River growing in full sun and brackish marshes near the mangroves and looking very majestic. Share. It is mammoth, with fronds as long as 12 feet and a girth just as wide. Giant leather fern is an important source of cover for birds and other animals. It will often line the edges of canals, rivers and even man made lakes. Leave a Reply Cancel reply. The giant leather fern grows in coastal hammocks and in brackish and mangrove swamps and further inland along canals and pond edges. Planting month for zone 10 and 11: year round. Site Feedback. More images of Leather Fern. The giant leather fern, Acrostichum danaeifolium, is perfectly named. Most species occupy terrestrial environments, but they also occur in freshwater and saltwater aquatic environments. This page uses Google Analytics It is a huge fern with erect fronds that are typically 6 feet tall but can grow to 12 feet long and up to 2 feet wide. & Fisch. Giant Leather Fern, Leather Fern, Inland Leather Fern. The fern can be planted anytime of year and produce very long vibrant green leaves. The giant leather fern is a native of Florida, frequently found in brackish and freshwater marshes of the central and southern peninsula (Wunderlin, 1998). It is used in landscaping as a specimen plant, and in habitat restorations, but it requires constantly wet soil, which makes it impractical for many sites. It is also found in the Caribbean, Mexico, Central America, and South America; possibly also in western Africa. That's one of them below, with fronds soaring nearly nine feet (2.5 m) above the muck. Dimensions: Typically 6-12 feet in height. Giant leather fern Inland leather fern. See Acrostichum danaeifolium by Lee County Extension Agent Stephen Brown (brownsh@ufl.edu), © 2020 University of Florida / IFAS / Center for Aquatic & Invasive Plants Common Names: Giant Leather Fern. Pronunciation: ack-ro-STISH-um dan-ee-if-FOLE-ee-um. It is often three feet tall, yet in rich wet soils it can reach 15 feet. 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